Psychosynthesis is a holistic approach to life that
seeks to develop a dynamic attitude and a gradual establishment of a
constructive state of harmony within the human being. The objective of
Psychosynthesis is the integration and transformation of the elements
of our personality.
“Each individual is a complex network of many disparate elements that
have very different origins, existing at different levels of the
psyche, acting and reacting upon each other, and forming a single
unique person, a synthesis. But this is not all. This combination of
elements is not static: new elements become part of the person
constantly, while others dissolve and still others are transformed
through an internal process of organic development and transmutation.
The human being is constantly changing.”
Although psychosynthesis was born closely linked to
psychology, with the passing of the years it has developed and
expanded, resulting in an approach that has contributed in the fields
of education, personal growth, spirituality, and human relationships.
In fact, Assagioli often spoke of three dimensions of Psychosynthesis:
personal, interpersonal and transpersonal. Personal Psychosynthesis
deals with the individual and has a goal the development of an
awareness, understanding and transformation (or transmutation) of the
energies and elements that are alive in each of us.
The trend toward synthesis and evolution is intrinsic
to all organisms and living system, it is their purpose. Synthesis
happens spontaneously but, in human beings, it usually results in
moments of crisis and deep changes in consciousness. We can, and
actually should, partake in the process of synthesis with awareness,
creativity and joy. The development of self-consciousness is endless,
a path or way of living that gradually frees us from our inner blocks
and, gradually, makes our lives more genuine and focused, more
compassionate and more meaningful.
The center of consciousness, the heart of any human
being, is the internal observer. This observer is compassionate and
free of bias, and so it usually receives the name of the Self or
Higher Self. This center of awareness has the role of directing the
different components of our lives towards integration. According to
“Therefore, unity is possible, but we should be very aware that it is
not a starting point, and it is not a free gift; it is an achievement,
the highest award of a long work. This work can be hard but it is also
magnificent, varied, interesting and fruitful for us and for others
well before it reaches full completion. This is how I understand
Like its founder, Psychosynthesis is a rich and
multifaceted approach, opened to dialogue with other disciplines,
techniques and approaches to personal growth. For this reason, there
are several ways to understand psychosynthesis, but they all respect
the vision of the human being proposed by Assagioli. In this vision,
the human being is made up of four fundamental dimensions or planes:
the physical, the emotional, the mental plane and the spiritual plane.
The effort to understand and include the spiritual or transpersonal
dimension has always been a characteristic feature of Psychosynthesis
and, in fact, Assagioli is recognized as a pioneer (one might say, a
founder) of transpersonal psychology.
It is important to highlight that transpersonal
Psychosynthesis cannot exist without personal Psychosynthesis, as both
are to be understood as ongoing an interlinked processes. The
integration of the personality, of its parts or components, is
accompanied by an integration of the whole personality with higher
levels of consciousness and the Self. This is exemplified in the
search for deeper meaning in life, for alignment and fusion of the
personality with Consciousness, Self or Soul. There are a number of
defined and tested techniques to facilitate this alignment that have
been developed by Assagioli after careful research of contemporary
psychology and the Ageless Wisdom. Transpersonal Psychosynthesis also
includes an ethics of living because contact with the Higher Self is
always related to the transformation of our lifestyles, relationships,
communities, and connection with the environment.
Therefore, Psychosynthesis also includes an
interpersonal dimension. In fact, the first relationship that
Psychosynthesis is concerned with is the right relationship with
ourselves, fundamental to building right relationships with others.
Hence, to begin with, Psychosynthesis is a way to deepens and better
our awareness, change the way in which we relate to our loved ones,
acquaintances and friends, family and groups and, ultimately, with the
whole world. In this sense, it is an ecological approach that can be
Summing up, the different levels explored through
Psychosynthesis include the vertical dimension (relations with
ourselves and with our inner components), the spiritual dimension
(relations with the Higher Self or Soul) and the horizontal dimension
(relations with others and the world).
Sections extracted and adaptaded from Wikipedia: